Introduction : 

    The aim of this study was to assess the impact of adding long-term micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) to standard treatment of femoropopliteal deep vein thrombosis (DVT). 


    Methods :  

    This pilot, comparative, open-label study with blinded outcome assessor enrolled patients with a first episode of femoropopliteal DVT confirmed by duplex ultrasound scanning (DUS). All participants were randomly allocated to one of two treatment groups: (1) control that received a standard treatment with oral rivaroxaban, and (2) experimental that involved additional treatment with MPFF 1000 mg/day. Both drugs were used for 6 months. Patients were followed for the whole treatment period and underwent DUS every 2 months to determine the degree of recanalization by popliteal (PV), femoral vein (FV), and common femoral vein (CFV) compressibility. Thrombi extension were assessed by the modified Marder score. At the end of the follow-up period, patients were assessed with Villalta and venous clinical severity scales (VCSS). Patients with a Villalta score ≥ 5 were diagnosed with post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). 


    Results :  

    Sixty patients were randomized to the control or MPFF groups (n = 30 in each group). There were 40 men and 20 women with a mean age ± SD of 56.3 ± 13.4 years. Clinically unprovoked DVT was recognized in 65% of cases and left side localization in 45%. The mean baseline Marder score was 15.0 ± 4.8 and 11.1 ± 4.3 in the experimental and control groups, respectively (p = 0.002). At 6 months, the mean Villalta score in the MPFF group was significantly lower compared with control (2.9 ± 2.7 versus 5.8 ± 3.0; p < 0.0001). PTS was diagnosed in six patients (20%) and 17 patients (57%) in the experimental and control groups respectively (p = 0.007). A significant difference between the groups was also observed for the VCSS value (2.3 ± 1.9 versus 4.9 ± 1.9; p < 0001). After 6 months of treatment the Marder score decreased to 0.8 ± 1.6 and 2.8 ± 3.5 in the experimental and control groups, respectively (p = 0.006). In the MPFF group, there was a greater reduction in the Marder score (p < 0.0001) and more rapid rate of recanalization for the FV (p < 0.0001), with a non-significant trend for the CFV (p = 0.130) and PV (p = 0.204) compared with the control group. Full recanalization of the PV at 6 months was observed in 24 patients (80%) who had received MPFF, and only 17 patients (57%) in the control group (p = 0.095). 


    Conclusion :  

    The addition of MPFF to standard therapy for DVT in the form of oral rivaroxaban can reduce the incidence of PTS at 6 months in patients with proximal DVT and increase the speed of deep vein recanalization. 


    Funding: Les Laboratoires Servier funded the article processing fees, editorial assistance, and open access fee for this manuscript. 


    Keywords: Cardiology; Deep vein thrombosis; Micronized purified flavonoid fraction; Post-thrombotic syndrome; Recanalization; Rivaroxaban. 

    Published electronically on December 11, 2018. Published in Adv Ther 36(1):72-85, on January 2019. 


    For full text : SpringerLink : Use of Micronized Purified Flavonoid Fraction Together with Rivaroxaban Improves Clinical and Ultrasound Outcomes in Femoropopliteal Venous Thrombosis: Results of a Pilot Clinical Trial | SpringerLink